A Comprehensive Guide to Big Results Now in Tanzania: Download the PDF Documents Here
Big Results Now in Tanzania PDF Download
If you are interested in learning more about the ambitious and innovative education reform program that was launched by the Tanzanian government in 2013, you might want to download the PDF documents that provide detailed information about it. The program, called Big Results Now (BRN), was a transformational initiative that aimed to improve the quality and equity of basic education in Tanzania by applying a delivery approach inspired by Malaysia's successful model. In this article, we will give you an overview of what BRN was, how it was implemented, what challenges it faced, what achievements it made, and what lessons it learned. We will also show you how to download the PDF documents that contain more insights and data about BRN.
Big Results Now In Tanzania Pdf Download
The Background and Objectives of BRN
BRN was adapted from Malaysia's Big Fast Results (BFR) model, which was a comprehensive development strategy that focused on six priority sectors: education, health, rural development, urban public transport, crime prevention, and corruption reduction. BFR used a delivery approach that involved setting clear targets, monitoring progress, holding regular meetings, providing feedback, rewarding performance, and solving problems. BFR was credited with achieving significant improvements in various indicators within a short period of time.
Inspired by BFR, Tanzania's President Kikwete launched BRN in early 2013 as a broad government program that sought to prioritize the available resources to six strategic sectors: energy, water, transport, agriculture, education, and resource mobilization. Within each sector, there were several key initiatives that were designed to address the most pressing challenges and deliver tangible results. For example, in education, there were nine key initiatives that aimed to improve the quality of basic education and increase the pass rates in primary and secondary schools. These initiatives included:
Improving teacher attendance
Improving student attendance
Improving teacher distribution
Improving school leadership
Improving school infrastructure
Improving curriculum delivery
Improving examination administration
Improving student assessment
Improving school ranking
The main goal of BRN in education was to raise the average pass rate in primary school leaving examinations (PSLE) from 31% in 2012 to 80% in 2015, and in secondary school leaving examinations (CSEE) from 45% in 2012 to 70% in 2015. The expected outcomes of BRN in education were:
More students completing basic education and progressing to higher levels
More students acquiring the necessary skills and competencies for life and work
More teachers being motivated, accountable, and effective
More schools being well-managed, resourced, and supported
More parents and communities being engaged and involved in education
More transparency and accountability in the education system
The Implementation and Challenges of BRN
To implement BRN, the Tanzanian government adopted a delivery approach that involved setting up a central delivery unit (CDU) that was responsible for coordinating, monitoring, and supporting the implementation of the key initiatives across the six sectors. The CDU was composed of experts from various ministries, agencies, and development partners, and was led by a chief executive officer who reported directly to the president. The CDU used a set of tools and methods to track progress, identify bottlenecks, provide feedback, and solve problems. Some of these tools and methods included:
A dashboard that displayed the key performance indicators (KPIs) and targets for each sector and initiative
A lab that brought together stakeholders to brainstorm solutions and develop action plans for each initiative
A war room that served as a command center for data collection, analysis, and reporting
A stocktake that involved regular meetings between the president, the ministers, and the CDU to review progress and address issues
A roadshow that involved visiting the regions and districts to communicate the vision and expectations of BRN
In education, one of the most prominent tools that was used by the CDU was the performance data and ranking system that measured and compared the performance of schools based on their examination results. The schools were classified into three bands: green, yellow, and red, representing high, medium, and low performing schools respectively. The performance data and ranking system was intended to create community awareness and engagement, as well as improve transparency and accountability. The performance data was also used to inform the allocation of resources and incentives to schools.
One of the most controversial incentives that was introduced by BRN was the payment for results (PforR) scheme that rewarded teachers and schools based on their performance in examinations. The PforR scheme was funded by a loan from the World Bank, which agreed to disburse $100 million to Tanzania based on the achievement of certain results indicators. One of these indicators was the improvement of teacher distribution across regions and districts. The PforR scheme aimed to address the problem of teacher shortage and imbalance by offering financial incentives to teachers who agreed to work in remote or hard-to-staff areas. The PforR scheme also offered bonuses to teachers and schools that improved their examination scores or maintained their high performance.
However, BRN also faced many difficulties and limitations in implementing its ambitious agenda. Some of the challenges that BRN encountered included: