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Ľudovít Leško
Ľudovít Leško

Canoco For Windows 45 Free Download

Canoco For Windows 45 Free Download

Canoco For Windows 45 is a software package that allows users to perform various ordination methods for exploring and interpreting ecological data. Ordination methods are statistical techniques that help to reveal patterns and gradients in complex multivariate data sets, such as those obtained from field surveys, experiments, or remote sensing.

Canoco For Windows 45 Free Download


Canoco For Windows 45 is the latest version of the Canoco software, which has been developed since 1984 by Cajo ter Braak and his collaborators. Canoco For Windows 45 offers a user-friendly graphical interface that makes it easy to specify the data, the analysis options, and the output formats. Canoco For Windows 45 also includes CanoDraw, a program for creating high-quality graphs and diagrams based on the results of Canoco analyses.

Some of the features of Canoco For Windows 45 are:

  • Support for linear and unimodal ordination methods, such as principal components analysis (PCA), redundancy analysis (RDA), correspondence analysis (CA), detrended correspondence analysis (DCA), and canonical correspondence analysis (CCA).

  • Support for other ordination methods based on linear and unimodal models, such as multiple discriminant analysis (CVA), metric multidimensional scaling (PCoA), and partial ordination.

  • Support for permutation tests and Monte Carlo tests for assessing the significance of ordination axes, explanatory variables, and constrained ordination models.

  • Support for various types of explanatory variables, such as nominal, ordinal, quantitative, spatial, temporal, or phylogenetic.

  • Support for various types of response variables, such as species abundance, presence/absence, biomass, diversity indices, environmental indicators, or functional traits.

  • Support for various types of data transformations, such as log, square root, standardization, centering, or scaling.

  • Support for various types of data imputation, such as mean substitution, nearest neighbor substitution, or multiple imputation.

  • Support for various types of data weighting, such as sample size weighting, inverse dispersion weighting, or user-defined weighting.

  • Support for various types of data filtering, such as outlier detection, variable selection, or cluster analysis.

  • Support for various types of output formats, such as tables, graphs, biplots, triplots, scatterplots, boxplots, histograms, or dendrograms.

Canoco For Windows 45 is a powerful and versatile tool for multivariate data analysis in ecology and related fields. It can help users to discover and visualize the underlying structure and relationships in their data sets, and to test hypotheses about the effects of explanatory variables on response variables. Canoco For Windows 45 can also help users to communicate their findings effectively by producing high-quality graphical outputs that can be exported to other programs or publications.

If you are interested in downloading Canoco For Windows 45 for free, you can visit the official website of the software [here]. You will need to register with your name and email address to get access to the download link. You will also receive a license key that will allow you to use the software for a limited period of time. You can also find more information about the software features, documentation, tutorials, examples, and support on the website.

We hope you enjoy using Canoco For Windows 45 and find it useful for your data analysis needs. If you have any questions or feedback about the software, you can contact the developers at [](


  • [Using the Canoco for Windows 4.5 package]

  • [CANOCO Reference Manual and CanoDraw for Windows User's Guide]


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