Kootukrishi 2 pdf: A Comprehensive Guide to Kerala's Collective Farming Movement
Kootukrishi 2 pdf: A Guide to Kerala's Collective Farming Movement
If you are interested in learning more about the innovative and successful collective farming movement in Kerala, India, then you might want to download and read the Kootukrishi 2 pdf. This document is a comprehensive and updated guide that covers everything you need to know about Kootukrishi, from its history and evolution to its benefits and challenges, from its current status and future prospects to its practical steps and tips. In this article, we will give you an overview of what Kootukrishi is, how to download and read the Kootukrishi 2 pdf, and how to join and participate in this movement.
Kootukrishi 2 pdf
What is Kootukrishi?
Kootukrishi is a Malayalam word that means "collective farming". It is a grassroots initiative that aims to promote organic farming, food security, environmental protection, social justice, and women empowerment in Kerala. It involves the formation of groups of farmers, mostly women, who pool their land, labor, resources, and skills to cultivate crops collectively. The groups also share the produce, profits, risks, and responsibilities of farming. Kootukrishi is not just a farming technique, but also a way of life that fosters community solidarity, mutual support, democratic participation, and sustainable development.
The history and evolution of Kootukrishi
Kootukrishi has its roots in the traditional agricultural practices of Kerala, where farmers used to cooperate with each other in various aspects of cultivation. However, the modern concept of Kootukrishi emerged in the early 2000s, when Kerala faced a severe crisis of food shortage, rising prices, declining productivity, soil degradation, pesticide pollution, farmer suicides, and rural migration. To address these issues, the state government launched a program called "Kerala People's Campaign for Ninth Plan" (KPC9), which aimed to decentralize planning and empower local governments. As part of this program, several local bodies initiated collective farming projects with the support of various government departments, NGOs, research institutions, media outlets, and civil society organizations. These projects proved to be very successful in increasing food production, improving soil fertility, reducing chemical inputs, enhancing income generation, creating employment opportunities, empowering women farmers, and strengthening local democracy. Since then, Kootukrishi has spread across the state and has become a popular and influential movement.
The benefits and challenges of Kootukrishi
Kootukrishi has many benefits for the farmers, the consumers, the environment, and the society. Some of these benefits are:
It increases food production and ensures food security for the farmers and the local communities.
It reduces the cost of cultivation and increases the profitability of farming.
It improves the quality and diversity of food and reduces the dependence on external markets and middlemen.
It promotes organic farming and conserves the natural resources and biodiversity of the region.
It empowers women farmers and enhances their social status, economic independence, and leadership skills.
It fosters community solidarity, mutual support, democratic participation, and collective decision-making among the farmers.
However, Kootukrishi also faces some challenges and limitations that need to be addressed and overcome. Some of these challenges are:
It requires a lot of coordination, cooperation, communication, and trust among the group members, which can be difficult to achieve and maintain.
It faces resistance and opposition from some sections of the society, such as landlords, moneylenders, politicians, bureaucrats, and vested interests, who fear losing their power and influence.
It lacks adequate support and recognition from the government policies, programs, schemes, and institutions, which often favor large-scale, commercial, and chemical-intensive farming.
It suffers from a shortage of land, water, seeds, inputs, infrastructure, technology, training, credit, marketing, and extension services.
It faces the challenges of climate change, natural disasters, pests and diseases, market fluctuations, and consumer preferences.
The current status and future prospects of Kootukrishi
Kootukrishi has grown significantly in the past two decades and has achieved remarkable results in terms of food production, income generation, environmental conservation, women empowerment, and social transformation. According to a report by the Kerala State Planning Board (KSPB), there were about 2.5 lakh Kootukrishi groups in Kerala in 2019-20, covering about 1.5 lakh hectares of land and involving about 25 lakh farmers. The report also estimated that Kootukrishi contributed to about 40% of the total food production in the state. Kootukrishi has also received national and international recognition and appreciation for its achievements. For instance, in 2010, Kootukrishi was awarded the UNDP Equator Prize for its outstanding contribution to poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation. In 2018, Kootukrishi was featured in the FAO's publication "Scaling up Agroecology Initiative: Transforming food and agricultural systems in support of the SDGs". In 2019, Kootukrishi was selected as one of the best practices for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by the NITI Aayog.
Kootukrishi has a bright future ahead as it has the potential to address many of the current and emerging challenges facing Kerala's agriculture sector. However, to realize this potential, Kootukrishi needs more support and encouragement from various stakeholders, such as the government, the media, the academia, the NGOs, the private sector, and the consumers. Some of the possible ways to support and strengthen Kootukrishi are:
Providing more land, water, seeds, inputs, infrastructure, technology, training, credit, marketing, and extension services to Kootukrishi groups.
Integrating Kootukrishi into the state's agricultural policies, programs, schemes, and institutions.
Creating more awareness and demand for Kootukrishi products among the consumers.
Encouraging more research and documentation on Kootukrishi's impacts and best practices.
Facilitating more networking and collaboration among Kootukrishi groups and other stakeholders.
Innovating new models and methods of Kootukrishi that suit different contexts and needs.
How to download and read Kootukrishi 2 pdf
If you want to learn more about Kootukrishi in detail, then you might want to download and read the Kootukrishi 2 pdf. This is a document that was published by the Kerala State Planning Board (KSPB) in 2019 as a part of its "Kerala Perspective Plan 2030". It is an updated version of the first Kootukrishi document that was published by the KSPB in 2008. The Kootukrishi 2 pdf provides a comprehensive overview of Kootukrishi's history, evolution, achievements, challenges, and future directions. It also contains several case studies, statistics, graphs, tables, and photos that illustrate Kootukrishi's impact and diversity. The Kootukrishi 2 pdf is a valuable r